Field Work

1. Field work in the Antarctic

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CHAQ2020

The CHAQ 2020 expedition was carried out on the Antarctic Peninsula January-February 2020, focusing on the material remains of the first Swedish Antarctic expedition 1901-1903. The expedition was part of a research project funded by the Swedish Research Council, named CHAQ – constructing cultural heritage in Antarctica, based at KTH’s Div of history of science, technology and environment and the Luleå University of Technology in Sweden. The expedition collected research data for CHAQ, but also contributed with Swedish expertise to the preservation of the historical remains from the first Swedish Antarctic Expedition, the dissemination of its history and to make the remains available to a wider audience outside Antarctica through virtual reality film.
The expedition was organized and led by the Argentine Institute of Antarctic Research (DNA-IAA), with support from the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

CHAQ 2020 had the following overlapping purposes:

1) to collect data for the research project CHAQ – On Creating Cultural Heritage in Antarctica, on historical remains of the first Swedish Antarctic expedition 1901-1903 (hereafter called the Nordenskjöld expedition) on and adjacent to the Antarctic peninsula.

The purpose of CHAQ is to explain how and why historical remains in Antarctica are defined as cultural heritage. The project examines processes by which historical remains and sites are constructed as cultural heritage by different actors, how it is used to create collective memories of Antarctica and how conservation of cultural heritage is combined with the governance of Antarctica through the Antarctic Treaty, which is designed to counteract the accumulation of material remains of human activity. The research at CHAQ is based on archive studies, interviews, participant observation, field studies of cultural heritage remains and museums, and through archaeological fieldwork. The project is finance by the Swedish research council (Vetenskapsrådet) and led by Dr. Lize-Marie van der Watt, Div of History of Science, Technology and Environment at KTH. Dr. Kati Lindström from the same division participates, as well as Prof Dag Avango from the Div of Social Sciences at Luleå University of Technology.

CHAQ 2020 collected archaeological data from the Nordenskjöld expedition through drone-based photogrammetric mapping, GPS-based mapping and traditional archaeological documentation in the form of measured drawings, photography and text description. This work was conducted by Prof. Dag Avango, Luleå University of Technology.

An additional goal of the archaeological documentation was to develop methodology for archaeological documentation in regions with challenging environmental and geographical conditions.

CHAQ also conducted interviews with actors involved with the designation, management and interpretation of cultural heritage in the Antarctic Peninsula area. This work was conducted by Dag Avango, Kati Lindström and Gunnar Almevik.

2) to contribute to the conservation work that Argentina performs on the remains of the Nordenskjöld expedition designated as Historic Sites and Monuments (HSM)
Historic Sites and Monuments (HSM) are material historical remains or historical sites, which the parties to the Antarctic Treaty have decided to list and protect as a cultural heritage. So far, only Argentina has managed the HSMs that are related to the Nordenskjöld expedition (HSMs 38, 39, 41 and 60). The work has been carried out from nearby research stations – Marambio, which is near Snow Hill and Hope Bay Hut which is near Esperanza. Paulet Island is relatively close to Esperanza but is less visited. Argentine scientists and logistics personnel carried out restoration work on Snow Hill Hut starting in the early 1980s and in conjunction with the 100th anniversary of the expedition developed the place for tourism. In 2001, a group of private Swedish actors traveled to Snow Hill together with Ricardo Capdevila, then responsible for cultural heritage issues at the Argentine program MUSEOANTAR from the DNA-IAA (Dirección Nacional del Antárctico – Instituto Antártico Argentino) to inspect the results of the restoration work. In 2003, Swedish actors contributed to a walking exhibition about the Nordenskjölde expedition. An archaeological expedition, LASHIPA 8, represented Sweden on a visit to the remains at Esperanza in April 2010. During the visit, discussions were held about what future Swedish efforts at the remains of the Nordenskjöld expedition could consist of. Sweden contributed to guidelines for visits to Snow Hill in 2007 and – at a late stage – to expand HSM 60 in 2016.

Argentina has informally requested Swedish support on several occasions for at least a couple of decades. In particular, they have expressed interest in Swedish competence regarding thawing Permafrost, which is a growing problem for both cultural and natural environments on the Antarctic Peninsula. For this reason, the Swedish National Heritage Board recruited a conservationist and a digital documentation expert to take part in CHAQ 2020. They investigated the Snow Hill house and the land it stands on, assessed its state of conservation in order to assist Argentina with advice on how best to preserve the building for the future. This work was carried out by Prof. Gunnar Almevik and Associate Professor Jonathan Westin at the Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg.

3) create a virtual reality and 3D representation of the historical remains of the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition for exhibition purposes and VR experiences in Sweden, Argentina and elsewhere

The CHAQ 2020 team also documented the historical remains using virtual reality (VR) film. Along with photogrammetric and laser scanning data, this enable us to make VR movie and 3D representations of the remains and their surroundings, to make them available through virtual visits for the broad interested audience who will never be able to visit the sites themselves. The remains of the Nordenskjöld expedition will in this way be made available at museums in Sweden, Argentina and elsewhere.

This work is led by Associate Professor Jonathan Westin, Department of Conservation at the University of Gothenburg.

4) The CHAQ 2020 expedition will also be the subject of a documentary film about the state of the historical remains and the restoration work in connection with the rapid climate change that is taking place in the area around the Antarctic Peninsula and which threatens the remains and natural environments there. The film will be a tool for both research and communication, and will highlight the importance of the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition’s research for meteorology and Antarctic science in general.

Kati Lindström (KTH) did the on site filming. A Swedish film company will be involved in the making of the documentary.

5) Last but not least, CHAQ 2020 helped develop the mediation of the history of the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition at the DNA-IAA’s museum at Esperanza base. The museum is in connection with the material remains of one of the two emergency cabins built by members of the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition to survive the involuntary wintering of 1902-1903, after the expedition’s ships were destroyed by ice and sunk. The museum has objects and text that tell the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition, about the DNA-IAA’s research on the Antarctic Peninsula and about the natural conditions in the area. The exhibition section on the Otto Nordenskjöld expedition has development potential, which is a work that CHAQ2020 supported by participating in the production of new displays with text and image about the expedition. This work was led and conducted by Kati Lindström, KTH-Royal Institute of Technology.

Sites: 

Snow Hill ön / Cerro Nevado / Snow Hill Island:

– The Winter station hill cape and the coastal plain and costal hills all the way south to the front of the inland ice cap.

– The Argentine refuge on the north coast

– The sea marker / blind light house on the northern part of the east coast

Hoppets vik / Bahia Esperanza / Hope Bay:

– The stone hut of the first Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903

– Base Esperanza

Seymoreön / Marambio / Seymore Island

– Penguin Bay depot

– The Larsen Cairn

Data: 1) GIS maps (from drone based photogrammetric documentation) of above mentioned sites, 2) Photo documentation, 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches, 4) Laser scanning, 5) 360 photage, 6) Film (4k) 7) interviews with relevant actors.

Participants: Pablo Fontana (Expedition leader / IAA), Dag Avango (PI CHAQ2020, LTU-Luleå University of Technology), Kati Lindström (KTH-Royal Institute of Technology), Gunnar Almevik and Jonathan Westin (Swedish National Heritage board / Gothenburg University), Valeria Contissa (IAA) and Manuel Mamani (Argentinean armed forces).

Report: Forthcoming

LASHIPA 8 (2010)

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The eight fieldwork expedition within the framework of the LASHIPA project (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), documenting whaling and science stations, and cultural heritage sites at the Falkland Islands / Malvinas, South Orkney, Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland Islands and Melchior Islands.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of above mentioned sites, 2) Photo documentation, 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches, and 4) interviews with science station commanders.

Sites

South Orkney Islands:

Signy Island: Signy Island research station, remains of FIDS base, remains of Factory cove whaling station, remains of Factory Cove whaling station fresh water supply system

Laurie Island: Cape Geddes base and Orcadas research station (including its Museum and the archeological remains of the Omond house and graves)

South Shetlands Islands: Whalers bay (whaling and science station, Deception Island)

Gerlache strait:

Nansen Island (remains of pelagic whaling, Svend Foyn Harbour)

Enterprise Island (remains of pelagic whaling, Svend Foyn Harbour)

Unnamed Island (remains of pelagic whaling, Svend Foyn Harbour)

Unnamed Island (remains of pelagic whaling, Errera channel)

Port Lockroy (research station, Goudier Island)

Dorian Bay (research station, Wiencke Island)

Antarctic Peninsula:

Esperanza (research station, Hope Bay)

Presidente Gabriel Gonzales Videla station (research station, Paradise bay)

Brown station (research station, Paradise bay)

Melchior Islands:

Base Melchior (research station, Gamma Island)

Island 1 (remains of pelagic whaling)

Island 2 (remains of pelagic whaling)

Island 3 (remains of pelagic whaling)

Island 4 (remains of pelagic whaling)

Malvinas / Falkland Islands:

Puerto Argentino / Port Stanley (museum and heritage sites)

Port Louis (archaeological remains of former Falkland islands / Malvinas capitol.

Goose Green (community, war memorials)

San Carlos (war memorials)

Participants: Dag Avango (Expedition leader, KTH/Arctic Centre, Unversity of Groningen), Ulf Gustafsson, Louwrens Hacquebord (Arctic Centre, University of Groningen), Gustav Rossnes (National Heritage Board, Norway) and Judith Labohm (medical doctor, Netherlands).

Report: Dag Avango, Ulf Gustafsson, Louwrens Hacquebord and Gustav Rossnes, ‘LASHIPA 8: Archaeological Expedition to South Orkney, South Shetland and the Antarctic Peninsula 6 March – 2 April 2010’,   (Groningen: Arctic Center, University of Groningen, Forthcoming).

LASHIPA 6 (2009)

The sixth fieldwork expedition within the framework of the LASHIPA project (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), documenting remains of the whaling stations Prince Olav Harbour and Ocean Harbour.

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Sites: Prince Olav Harbour, Ocean Harbour. Heritage sites and museum exhibitions at Grytviken.

Participants: Dag Avango (Expedition leader, KTH/Arctic Centre, Unversity of Groningen), Ulf Gustafsson (Arctic Centre, University of Groningen). Gustav Rossnes (National Heritage Board, Norway) and Björn Basberg (Handelshögskolan, Bergen, Norway).

Report: Ulf Gustafsson, Dag Avango, Bjørn L. Basberg and Gustav Rossnes, ‘LASHIPA 6 : Archaeological Expedition on South Georgia 3 March – 12 April’,   (Groningen: Arctic Center, University of Groningen, 2011).

2. Field work in the Arctic

2.1. Svalbard

SCALMIN 3 (2016)

Field research at Svalbard within the framework of the project Sustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic, September 2016.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors. Questions on the ways they relate to legacies of natural resource extraction and their view on the role of such legacies in the future of Svalbard. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches of material remains of mining.

Sites: Longyearbyen and Adventdalen, Sveagruvan, Barentsburg and Pyramiden. Shorter visits at Hiorthamna and Grumant city.

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader, researcher), Arne Kaijser, Eric Paglia, Peder Roberts and Ulrika Sax (researchers, all from KTH, Stockholm), Jonny Jensen (film documentation, Stockholm), Ekaterina Kalemeneva (PhD student, HSE, St Petersburg), Albina Pashkevich (researcher, Dalarnas högskola), Andrian Vlakhov (PhD student, EUSP, St Petersburg) and Anna Åberg (researcher, Chalmers, Gothenburg).

Report: under production, requests for field work data can be sent to avango@kth.se

Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development Program (2014)

Field research at Svalbard in connection with meetings with the board of Mistra about the Mistra Arctic Sustainable Development Program, August 2014.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors. Questions on their visions of the future of Svalbard. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining and 3) text descriptions of material remains of mining.

Sites: Longyearbyen, Pyramiden, Barentsburg and Trygghamna.

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader, researcher) and Andrian Vlakhov (PhD students, EUSP, St Petersburg, Russia).

Report: No report, but data available at Div of history of science, science and environment at KTH. Contact: avango@kth.se

Assessing Arctic Futures 2 (2013)

Field research within the framework of the Mistra funded project Assessing Arctic Futures (2011-2014) at Svalbard, in connection with the course Environment and Society in a Changing Arctic, June 2013.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors. Questions on their visions of the future of Svalbard. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches of material remains of mining.

Sites: Longyearbyen / Adventdalen and Pyramiden.

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader, researcher), Anna Westerstahl-Stenport, Mark Safstrom + over 20 students from KTH and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA).

Report: Dag Avango and Sander Solnes. ”Registrering av kulturminner i Pyramiden. Registrering utfört på oppdrag fra Sysselmannen på Svalbard” (Sysselmannen på Svalbard / Governor of Svalbard: Longyearbyen, 2013).

Access to data: contact Dag Avango at avango@kth.se

Assessing Arctic Futures 1 (2012)

Field research within the framework of the Mistra funded project Assessing Arctic Futures at Svalbard, in connection with the course Environment and Society in a Changing Arctic, June 2012.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors. Questions on their visions of the future of Svalbard. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches of material remains of mining.

Sites: Longyearbyen / Adventdalen and Barentsburg.

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader, researcher), Mark Safstrom + over 20 students from KTH and University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, USA).

Report and access to data: No report, but data available at Div of history of science, science and environment at KTH. Contact: avango@kth.se

LASHIPA 9 (2010)

The ninth fieldwork expedition within the framework of the LASHIPA project (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), mapping mining sites and whaling stations on Spitsbergen / Svalbard in August 2010. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting, mining and whaling sites as well as remains of scientific research stations, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites

Longyearbyen / Adventdalen: various mining sites.

East coast: Davis harbour.

South cape: Camp Claus Andersen and Camp Petter Trondsen and at South Cape Island a Russian/Soviet prospecting camp and Camp Barry.

West Coast: Camp Marie Killengren, Cape Borthen, Camp Scoresby and Duck Island.

Hornsund: Camp Sabine, Hoefer point, Schönningholmande whaling station and Isbjörnshamna.

Rechercefjorden: Camp Asbestos, Iron Range, HNMM Iron Range Camp.

Van Keulenfjorden: Camp Violet, Cape Hesselman and Eider Island.

Isfjorden: Camp Mineral mining area and Grumant city in the (Ice Fiord).

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader, researcher), Hidde de Haas and Frigga Kruse (both PhD students at the University of Groningen), Pia Leminen (photographer) and Caroline Botman (security).

Report: Dag Avango, Hidde De Haas and Frigga Kruse, ‘LASHIPA 9: Archaeological Expedition on Spitsbergen 31 July – 15 August’,   (Groningen: Arctic Center, University of Groningen, 2010).

Access to data, contact: avango@kth.se

LASHIPA 7 (2009)

The seventh fieldwork expedition within the framework of the LASHIPA project (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), mapping a mining site at Spitsbergen / Svalbard in July 2009. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of the remains of Rijpsburg, a mining town built and operated by a Dutch mining company in 1920, and 2) Photo documentation.

Site: Rijpsburg, located at Bohemanflya

Participants: Louwrens Hacquebord (expedition leader, researcher), Hidde de Haas (PhD student at the University of Groningen), Frits Steenhuisen (GIS expert) and Erwin Bolhuis (Total station technician).

Report: Hacquebord, Louwrens, Erwin Bolhuis, Hidde De Haas and Frits Steenhuisen, ‘LASHIPA 7: Archaeological Expedition on Spitsbergen 4 July – 12 July, 2009’,   (Groningen: Arctic Center, University of Groningen, 2009).

Access to data, contact the Arctic centre, University of Groningen.

LASHIPA 5 (2008)

The fifth fieldwork expedition within the framework of the LASHIPA project (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), documented mining sites and whaling stations, and excavated a 17th century hunting station on Spitsbergen / Svalbard in August 2008. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting, mining and whaling sites as well as remains of a scientific research station, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Bjørnøya: Hertwighamna, Nordhamna, Gravodden, Antarcticfjellet, Russehamna, Walrus bay, Sørhamna, Krillvatnet, Engelskelva, Tunheim, Kap Nordenskiöld and Grunningen.

Grønfjorden: Kapp Heer, Barentsburg, Kokerineset), Isfjorden (Longyeardalen, Kapp Laila, Coles bay, Rusanov hut and Grumant city

Sassenfjorden: Elveneset

West coast: Farmhamna

Jonsfjorden: Copper camp

Krossfjorden: Ebeltofthamna, Camp Zoe, Redingerpynten and Signehamna.

Kongsfjorden: Port Peirson/”Ny London”, Davis Island/Storholmen and Breccia or Maples Island/Juttaholmen.

Prins Karls Forland: McVitie point/McVitiepynten, Richard lagoon/Richardlaguna and Kenmore – all on the east side of the island – and Incholmodden on the west side.

Participants: Dag Avango and Louwrens Hacquebord (expedition leaders, KTH and Arctic Centre, University of Groningen), Ulf Gustafsson, Hidde de Haas and Frigga Kruse (PhD students at the Arctic centre, University of Groningen), Sara Drescher and Martha DeJong (Master students at the Arctic Centre, University of Groningen), Cameron Hartnell (PhD student at Michigan Technological University), Seth DePasqual (Master student at Michigan Technological University), Ben Bekooy and Wietske Aalders (assistents, Arctic Centre, University of Groningen), Prof. Vadim Starkov, Dr Victor Derzhavin, Vitali Anufriev, Maxim Derbenev and Vladimir Prokurnov (archaeologists and historians from the Russian Academy of Sciences).

Report: Dag Avango, Seth DePasqual, Ulf Gustafsson, Hidde De Haas, Louwrens Hacquebord, Cameron Hartnell and Frigga Kruse, ‘LASHIPA 5: Archaeological Expedition on Spitsbergen 27 July – 17 August’,   (Groningen: Arctic Center, University of Groningen, 2009).

Access to data: contact Dag Avango at avango@kth.se

LASHIPA 4 (2007)

Expedition within the framework of the IPY project LASHIPA (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), documented mining sites, whaling stations and excavated a 17th century hunting station on Spitsbergen / Svalbard from August 2-25 in 2007. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting, mining and whaling sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites

Grönfjorden: Kokerineset, Finneset, Sandefiordneset, Stemmevatnet, Barentsburg and Finneset-Gröndalen mining area.

Adventfjorden: Adventdalen

Isfjorden: Russekeila, Kap Laila

Participants: Dag Avango and Louwrens Hacquebord (expedition leaders, KTH and Arctic Centre, University of Groningen), Ulf Gustafsson and Hidde De Haas (PhD students, Arctic Center, University of Groningen), Sarah Drescher and Erwin Bolhuis (assistants Arctic Centre University of Groningen), Ben Bekooy (Photographer, Arctic Centre University of Groningen), Cameron Hartnell and Seth DePasqual (Phd and Master students at Industrial Archaeology, Michigan Technological University, Vadim Starkov (Archaeologist, Russian team leader, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)). Victor Derzhavin (Archaeologist, RAS), Vitali Anufriev (Historian, RAS), Maxim Derbenev (Technical assistant, RAS), Vladimir Prokurnov (translater, assistant, RAS).

Access to data: contact Dag Avango at avango@kth.se

LASHIPA 3 (2006)

Expedition within the framework of the IPY project LASHIPA (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), documented mining sites, whaling stations and excavated a 17th century hunting station on Spitsbergen / Svalbard from August 7-24 in 2006. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting, mining and whaling sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Sassenfjorden: Gipsvika and Gipsdalen

Grönfjorden: De Norske Kulfelter Green Harbour mining area at Heerfjellet, the Finneset-Gröndalen mining area.

Bellsund: Van Muydenbukta, Camp Bell, Camp Millar and Zinkholmen.

Van Mijenfjorden: Camp Morton

Akselöya: survey of entire island

Van Keulenfjorden: Fleur de Lyshamna

Recherchefjorden: Iron Range Camp, Asbestodden, Camp Smith, Snatcherpynten whaling station, Calypsobyen, Laegerneset, East Recherchefjorden-Laegerneset and Midterhuken.

Participants: Dag Avango (KTH), Louwrens Hacquebord, Wouter Ytsma, Ben Beekoy and Ulf Gustafsson (Arctic Centre, Unversity of Groningen) and Cameron Hartnell (Industrial archaeology, Michigan Technological University).

Access to data: contact Dag Avango at avango@kth.se

LASHIPA 2 (2005)

Expedition within the framework of the IPY project LASHIPA (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), which documented mining sites, whaling stations and a 17th century hunting station on Spitsbergen / Svalbard from August 8-20 in 2005.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting, mining and whaling sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Bohemanflya: remains of the former Dutch mining settlement Rijpsburg, system of claim markers, remains of mining and prospecting activities.

Ekmanfjorden: (western part): remains of Swedish mining activities from the 1910’s.

Grønfjorden: Coastline from Kokerihamna to Festningen with remains of multinational mining activities, whaling and hunting activities. Coastline on the eastern side of the fiord, with Barentsburg and remains of various prospecting and mining activities between Barentsburg and Heerodden.

Participants: Prof. Louwrens Hacquebord and Ben Bekooy, University of Groningen, Arctic Centre, Netherlands. Dr. Dag Avango, KTH Stockholm, Sweden. M.A. Ulf Gustafsson, Sweden and M.A. Cameron Hartnell, MTU Michigan, USA.

LASHIPA 1 (2004)

Expedition within the framework of the IPY project LASHIPA (Large Scale Industrial exploitation of Polar Areas), which documented mining sites at Spitsbergen / Svalbard from August 10-20 in 2004. The field work was carried out in the form of a course in Industrial heritage research, entitled “Industrial heritage in the Arctic – research and training on Svalbard”, organized by KTH, Arctic Centre University of Groningen, the division of industrial archeology at Michigan Tech, Houghton, USA and the Russian academy of sciences in Moscow. The expedition was supported by the Swedish Polar Research Secretariat.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS and Total Station based) of abandoned prospecting and mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Longyear city: remains of the mining settlement built by the US firm the Arctic Coal Co, including its mines and infrastructures for post-processing, storing and transporting coal.

Coles Bay: survey from Kapp Laila to the Russanov hut, documenting all man made structures along the way. Only a limited documentation of the Coles bay settlement was possible though because of a polar bear.

Sassen bay: Southern coastline from Sassenelva to Karolinerdalen, documenting most man made structures along the way.

Bruce city: Documentation of all buildings and infrastructures, including drilling pipes, drilling rigs and storage facilities further inland.

Participants: Dag Avango, Ulf Gustafsson, Prof. Marie Nisser, Oscar Törnqvist (KTH, Sweden) and Dr. Urban Wråkberg (KVA, Sweden). Prof. Patrick E Martin, Dr. Susan Martin, Larry Mishkar, Ed Tennant, Arron Kotlensky and Michael Deegan (MTU, USA). Prof. Louwrens Hacquebord, Martha de Jong, Wouter Ytsma and Jorieke Rutgers (Arctic centre, University of Groningen). Dr. Miles Oglethorpe (RCHAMS, Scotland, UK) and Ian West (Leicester University, UK). Dr. Gustav Rossnes (Directorate of Cultural Heritage, Norway), Tor Einar Fagerland and Roy Åge Håpnes (NTNU, Norway). Prof. Vadim Starkov and Eugene Bouzney (Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia).

VTI 2003

Fieldwork, gathering data for the dissertation Sveagruvan: svensk gruvdrift mellan industri, geovetenskap och diplomati, within the framework of the research program VTI – vetenskaplig forskning, teknisk utveckling och industriell förnyelse (scientific research, technological development and industrial renewal). The field work took place in August 2003.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS based) of abandoned prospecting and mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Barentsburg: remains of mines operated by NESPICO in the 1920’s. Trust Arktikugol buildings and infrastructures.

Coastal slope between Barentsburg and Gröndalen: remains of mining camps built by Isefjord-Spitsbergen A/S, The Green Harbour Coal Company and the Arctic Coal Company in the 1910’s.

Adventfjorden: Hiorthamna settlement and Hiortfjellet mountain top mining area.

Longyeardalen: remains of mine 1a and 2a.

Participants: Dag Avango and Ulf Gustafsson (KTH, Sweden), Prof. Patrick Martin and Larry Mishkar (MTU, USA).

VTI 2002

Fieldwork, gathering data for the dissertation Sveagruvan: svensk gruvdrift mellan industri, geovetenskap och diplomati, within the framework of the research program VTI – vetenskaplig forskning, teknisk utveckling och industriell förnyelse (scientific research, technological development and industrial renewal). The field work took place in August 2002.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS based) of abandoned prospecting and mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Erdmannflya: remains of prospecting activities by AB Isfjorden-Belsund in the 1910’s.

Colesbukta: remains of Trust Arktikugol settlement and infrastructures for mining.

Grumant city: remains of Trust Arktikugol settlement and infrastructures for mining.

Adventfjorden: Hiorthamna settlement.

Longyeardalen: remains of mine 2a.

Adventdalen: remains of mine 5.

Van Mijenfjorden: Sveagruvan (documentation of additional remains from Swedish mining activities 1917-1925).

Rindersbukta: documentation of remains from Swedish prospecting and test mining activities in the 1910’s.

Participants: Dag Avango and Ulf Gustafsson (KTH, Sweden).

VTI 2001

Fieldwork, gathering data for the dissertation Sveagruvan: svensk gruvdrift mellan industri, geovetenskap och diplomati, within the framework of the research program VTI – vetenskaplig forskning, teknisk utveckling och industriell förnyelse (scientific research, technological development and industrial renewal). The field work took place in August 2001.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS based) of abandoned prospecting and mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of above mentioned sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Barentsburg: remains of mines operated by NESPICO in the 1920’s. Trust Arktikugol buildings and infrastructures.

Coastal slope between Barentsburg and Gröndalen: remains of mining camps built by Isefjord-Spitsbergen A/S, The Green Harbour Coal Company and the Arctic Coal Company in the 1910’s.

Coastal slope between Barentsburg and Kap Heer: remains of mining activities by Trust Arktikugol, the Trust Arktikugol helicopter base and remains of mining activities by The Russian Coal Fields of Green Harbour (Levin) in the 1910’s.

Participants: Dag Avango and Prof. Marie Nisser (KTH, Sweden), Urban Wråkberg (KVA, Sweden).

VTI 2000 (SWEDARCTIC 2000)

Fieldwork, gathering data for the dissertation Sveagruvan: svensk gruvdrift mellan industri, geovetenskap och diplomati, within the framework of the research program VTI – vetenskaplig forskning, teknisk utveckling och industriell förnyelse (scientific research, technological development and industrial renewal). The field work took place in August 2000.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS based) of abandoned prospecting and mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of such sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Longyeardalen: Mine 1a and 2b

Adventdalen: Mine 6 and 7

Billefjorden: Pyramiden and Ebbadalen

Van Mijenfjorden: Sveagruvan, Svea nord, Littrowneset and Torellfjället (Ispallen)

Participants: Dag Avango and Prof. Marie Nisser (KTH, Sweden), Urban Wråkberg (KVA, Sweden), Kenneth Awebro (LTU), Ulf Gustafsson (LTU), Jan-Erik Johansson (PFS) and Monica Fjaestad (RAÄ).

VTI 1999 (SWEDARCTIC 1999)

Fieldwork, exploring the possibilities to gather industrial-archaeological field work data at Svalbard, as a part of a research project on Swedish mining activities at Svalbard. The study was part of the research program VTI – vetenskaplig forskning, teknisk utveckling och industriell förnyelse (scientific research, technological development and industrial renewal). The field work took place in August 1999.

Data: 1) GIS maps (GPS based) of abandoned mining sites, 2) Photo documentation of such sites and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches.

Sites:

Longyeardalen: Mine 1a and 2b

Billefjorden: Pyramiden

Van Mijenfjorden: Sveagruvan and Svea nord

Participants: Dag Avango and Prof. Marie Nisser (KTH, Sweden), Urban Wråkberg (KVA, Sweden).

Report: data can be requested from avango@kth.se

2.2. Norrbotten

SCALMIN 1 (2014-2016)

Field research in Norrbotten, Sweden, within the framework of the project Sustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic, June 2014, March and June 2015, June 2016.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors. Questions on the ways they relate to legacies of natural resource extraction and their view on the role of such legacies in the future of Norrbotten. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining and 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches of material remains of mining.

Sites: Longyearbyen and Adventdalen, Sveagruvan, Barentsburg and Pyramiden. Shorter visits at Hiorthamna and Grumant city.

Participants: Dag Avango and Peder Roberts (KTH), Olle Stjernström and Joakim Byström (Umeå Unversity).

Report:under production, data can be requested from avango@kth.se

2.3. Greenland

SCALMIN 2

Field research at the former mining town Qullissat, Western Greenland, within the framework of the project Sustainable Communities and the Legacies of Mining in the Nordic Arctic, August 2015.

Sites: Qullissat and Ilulissat.

Data: 1) Interviews with actors on the ways they relate to legacies of natural resource extraction and their view on the role of such legacies in the future of Greenland. 2) Photo documentation of material remains of mining, 3) text descriptions and hand drawn sketches of material remains of mining and 4) GIS data covering the entire settlement and mining area of Qullissat.

Participants: Dag Avango (expedition leader), Eric Paglia, Peder Roberts, Corinna Röver and Hanna Vikström (all from KTH, Stockholm), Janina Priebe (Umeå University) and Anne-Mette Jörgensen (University of Copenhagen).

Report: under production, requests for field work data can be sent to avango@kth.se